3,000-Year Old Wall Found in Jerusalem

Published: February 24th 2010

Temple Mount in Jerusalem
Pic: WikiMedia Commons

Israeli archeologist Eilat Mazar said on Monday that an ancient fortified wall excavated recently in Jerusalem dates back over 3,000 years to King Solomon’s time, a discovery that would provide physical evidence for the biblical description of the era of King Solomon.


If the fortified wall is indeed 3,000 years old, it would mean that the Jerusalem of the time was ruled by a central government that was strong and resourceful enough to built a massive wall.


Scholars have in the past argued about whether  the reigns of King David and King Solomon actually took place. Scholars who believed the stories to be parables pointed to the fact that no evidence of a strong central government yet existed. If the wall proves to be as old as is claimed, the discovery would help to bolster the viewpoint that both kings did in fact rule Jerusalem around the time that the wall was constructed.


Mazar said that her find is "the most significant construction we have from First Temple days in Israel."


"It means that at that time, the 10th century, in Jerusalem there was a regime capable of carrying out such construction," she said, speaking at a press conference at Hebrew University.


She said that after studying the fortified wall as well as its location, she feels that it was built by King David’s son Solomon and referenced in the Book of Kings.


The wall is located next to the Temple Mount. The area has been excavated before by archeologists, starting in the 1860s. However, Mazar said that her team was the first to find evidence that shed light on the wall’s age, including shards of pottery which are commonly used to figure out the age of ancient excavations.

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